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Salmonellosis is encompassed within food infections. It is usually contracted after eating raw or undercooked meat, eggs or derivatives thereof, if they are infected with the salmonella bacteria.
The incubation period ranges from a few hours to two days, so that the symptoms of salmonellosis will appear around 8-72 hours after eating spoiled food. In the case of pregnant women, the disease can be very harmful to the child they are expecting.
The symptoms that occur are those derived from gastroenteritis caused by the bacteria:
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Abdominal pain.
- Headache and muscle pain.
- Blood in the stool (sometimes)
Symptoms can last 4 to 7 days.
A small percentage of people affected by this poisoning need an antibiotic, however the one of choice (fluoroquinilones) cannot be used in pregnant women since it is associated with congenital defects of the fetus.
The main complications for the mother with salmonellosis are dehydration, bacteremia (the passage of the infection to the blood, which can reach different organs and systems) and Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis, the joints become inflamed and painful). It has been seen that complications can be more frequent in pregnant women.
Pregnant women are a population, like children, considered at greater risk, since the effects are not only reflected in the mother, but can also pass to the baby.
Salmonella infection crosses the placenta and can lead to serious illness or even death of the fetus, even when symptoms of it are mild in the mother. That is why the pregnant woman must take special care when the heat begins, with food that is not well preserved. When in doubt, it is preferable not to eat the food we can suspect.
It is also a contagious disease, so we recommend that pregnant women try not to come into contact with people who have the infection.
- Thorough hand washing: when changing a diaper, handling raw meats, using the bathroom, touching animals.
- Avoid cross contamination: keep foods such as raw meat, poultry or seafood away from other foods; use two boards to cut the food (one for fruits / vegetables, one for meat); never place cooked food with raw food.
- Avoid eating raw eggs, if you do, make sure it is pasteurized.
You can read more articles similar to Salmonellosis in pregnancy, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.