The mumps or mumps in children and babies it is an acute viral infection characterized by swelling of the salivary glands and which in turn can compromise other organs.
Its incidence increases in early spring, generally in school-age children. The contagion period ranges from 1 to 2 days prior to the appearance of mumps to a period between 4 and 9 days after the appearance.
Mumps is a highly contagious disease, although it is not a worrying or serious pathology, so parents should not be alarmed by parioditis. It is transmitted from one child to another throughcontact with saliva of someone sick.
Mumps transmission is by direct contact between one child and another. It only takes a few drops of saliva to reach the healthy person to be infected. That is, it is transmitted through coughs and sneezes, by a virus.
When a child is infected, symptoms do not appear immediately. The virus has an incubation period of 12 to 24 days.
The child will present with a not very high fever, swelling of the parotid gland (the largest salivary glands between the ear and the jaw) and pain in this region. Digestive symptoms such as vomiting and abdominal pain, and encephalitis may also appear. Males may also notice pain in the testicles and swelling of the scrotum.
The swelling disappears after about a week and peaks between the 2nd and 3rd day. The child must be isolated for 9 days from the onset of symptoms.
The vaccine is the best way to prevent this disease. The triple viral vaccine (measles, mumps, and rubella) is given to children between 12 and 15 months and is usually inoculated again as a booster between 4 and 6 years.
The treatment of the child infected with mumps is fundamentally medical. You must stay home and avoid sharing personal utensils. It is also convenient to vaccinate all those who live with the child, and in the case of a pregnant woman, the ideal would be to remove her until 26 days after the onset of the disease.
During the time of convalescence the doctor will prescribe drugs to relieve pain, hot or cold compresses in the neck area, drink fluids, eat a soft diet and gargle with salt water.
Outbreaks of mumps usually occur in children and young people every three to five years and this is usually due to:
- Parents let down their guard regarding the vaccination schedule.
- some batches of vaccines have been shown to be defective.
- Historically the effectiveness of this vaccine has not been very high, as recognized by the Ministry of Health.
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