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Fontanelles of the baby's skull

Fontanelles of the baby's skull


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Fontanelles are the gaps that exist between the hollows of the baby's skull. They make it easier for the head to conform and go through the birth canal. Once born, the fontanelles also allow the baby's brain to have enough space to develop. These soft parts or gaps in your baby's skull are covered by a thick, fibrous layer to better protect the brain. They can be touched, although it is not recommended to press them. Palpation of the cranial fontanelles is one of the techniques that doctors and nurses use to check the growth and development of children.

The baby's skull has six fontanelles, although only two are clearly palpable. They are filled with a tissue with a membranous and flexible consistency. One is shaped like diamondIt measures 2.5 centimeters and is located behind the forehead, in the highest part of the head. The other is appreciated with form triangular and it's just above the nape. It is the posterior fontanelle, which is located at the back of the skull and is quite small (it measures 0.6 cm in diameter), and usually has the shape of a triangle. Both are soft to the touch and mobile, since rise and fall to the beat of your heart. Fontanelles are seen in the first year and they progressively ossify until, between 12 and 18 months, they are completely solidified. The anterior fontanelle can complete its closure at 18 months, while the posterior one usually closes at 6 months.

Sometimes the appearance of fontanels can alert you to a health problem.
- If they are bulging, indicate the increase in intracranial pressure and the specialist will recommend the appropriate measures to release this pressure. If the anterior fontanelle is often tense when the baby cries and the tension persists when the baby is calm and, especially, if the fontanelle bulges, consult your doctor immediately.
- If they are sunkenRegarding the general curvature of the skull and the baby has a coincident disorder, such as diarrhea or digestive problems, it can be suspected that he is suffering from dehydration. In this case, you have to consult your doctor.

Around the 20 percent of 12-month-olds still have an unclosed anterior fontanelle. The fact that your anterior fontanelle remains open guarantees the natural growth of your brain, avoiding limitations due to lack of space, which would harm you psychically. For this reason, it is much more worrisome for fontanelles to close too soon than to take time to do so. However, if the baby's anterior fontanelle has not yet closed by age 2, it may be a sign of lack of vitamin D.

However, to ensure that your little one will have the anterior fontanelle closed when he turns 18 months, there are several very healthy lifestyle habits that you can put into practice:
- Diet rich in calcium. Calcium is essential for the perfect development of bones. Remember that from 12 months to 5 years you need to drink half a liter of milk daily, in addition to the dairy products that are usually part of your diet.
- Games and walks in the open air. Physical exercise promotes bone development and sunlight helps to generate and synthesize vitamin D, which is what fixes calcium in the bones. Marisol New

You can read more articles similar to Fontanelles of the baby's skull, in the category of on-site development stages.


Video: Fontanels of the Infant Skull (December 2022).