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One of the most well-known eating behavior disorders is Anorexia Nervosa. But there is another less known eating disorder, but more frequent in adolescents, Bulimia Nervosa.
Many teenagers and young adults we meet or meet on the street may have bulimia. People with bulimia do not attract as much attention as anorexics, but they also suffer a lot and can have both physical and psychological disorders. They are more common in women, but men can also be affected.
The patient with bulimia is obsessed with food, and is capable of 'binge eating', in public or in secret. It is an obsessive-compulsive type of behavior, and in its character they may also have traits of this type, with obsessions and / or compulsions, that is, recurring thoughts or repetitive behaviors.
After the binge the child feels guilty, feels bad for having had such behavior and they usually vomit.
Boys and girls with bulimia go unnoticed, because they maintain a normal weight. They are not usually very thin or obese, but they maintain this weight by 'purging', because they eliminate the calories they have ingested by bingeing, vomiting or exercising a lot, or using laxatives, diuretics or enemas.
Repeated vomiting can cause ion disturbances in the body (hypochloremic alkalosis), as well as alterations in tooth enamel and a tendency to have gastroesophageal reflux, esophagitis and gastritis. A typical sign, although not seen in all patients, is calluses on the knuckles that occur when vomiting occurs.
Treatment of bulimia requires a close psychological monitoring, with emotional and behavioral support on many occasions throughout life.
Most patients with bulimia nervosa do not require hospital admission. Given that Bulimia Nervosa is a state of 'food chaos', which alternates periods of uncontrolled consumption of food with others of restriction, the participation of the nutritionist, who develops a plan of controlled consumption of food, is important, as well as a therapist who collaborate with behavioral techniques, planned meals, binge and purge symptom logs.
Bulimia Nervosa is usually cured in 50% of cases, improves in 30% and persists the same in 20%. Good prognostic factors are early onset and having a short time of evolution, while obesity in childhood, low self-esteem and personality alterations are factors of poor prognosis.
You can read more articles similar to Bulimia nervosa How it affects children, in the Eating Disorders category on site.